The Science Behind Penis Enlargement

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The Science Behind Penis Enlargement

Every man at some point in life has questioned whether their penis is big enough to satisfy a partner. Of these men, 45% are dissatisfied about the size of their members down there. Small penis size is a topic that has been a source of curiosity, anxiety, and insecurity for many, which brings out the aim of this article.

Have you ever thought of how to enlarge your penis? Guessing that you have, the science behind penis enlargement might have crossed your mind. And we get it! Penis enlargement is critical, given that we only get one penis in a lifetime. It is essential to know how each method operates, the science behind it, and the potential side effects it may have on an individual.

Lucky for you, this article will share everything you need to know about penis enlargement. Is penis enlargement real? What are the physiological processes involved in tissue expansion and cellular adaptations? Do genetics and hormones have something to do with your penis size? Let’s find out!

A Comprehensive Guide: The Science Behind Penis Enlargement

Unveiling the Science of Penis Growth

Anatomy of the Penis

Anatomy of the Penis

To better understand the science behind penis enlargement, it’s essential to understand the anatomy of the penis and how each part operates.

The anatomy of the penis is pretty simple to understand. It consists of the shaft, the glands, and the head. The shaft is usually the longest part, while the head is at the end of it. The head contains an opening where urine and semen come out. The opening is called the meatus.

Inside the penis are two cylindrical chambers that have a maze of blood vessels, tissues, and open pockets. The chambers are called corpa and cavernosa, and each of them has a main artery and several veins to circulate blood in and out of the penis.

Underside these two chambers is the urethra. The tube that urine and semen flow through.

How does a penis operate? Let’s differentiate between flaccid and erect states to understand better.

Understanding Tissue Expansion and Cellular Adaptation

Difference Between Flaccid and Erect State

Difference Between Flaccid and Erect State

A flaccid state is the state in which your penis is soft, flexible, and typically hangs facing the ground. During this time, your blood vessels are constricted, and the erectile tissues, i.e., the Corpa cavernosal and Corpa spongiosum, contain little blood. The limited blood flow maintains the state of flaccidity.

The erect state is the complete opposite of the flaccid state. Upon sexual arousal or stimulation, the penis undergoes a series of chances. Blood flows into the erectile chambers, causing them to expand and engorge. The result? A boner or, in other words, a firm penis, enlarged and elevated. The penis in this state is raised almost horizontally. Now, for an erection to occur, there has to be a release of nitric oxide. It helps relax the smooth muscles, allowing a surge of blood to flow into the erectile tissues.

So, which hormones help maintain these two states? Good question! The flaccid state is more like a default state regulated by the sympathetic nervous system. The Erect state solely depends on sexual arousal. When you are sexually aroused, it triggers the parasympathetic nervous system to release nitric oxide, which in turn increases blood flow.

You might be wondering about the normal penis length during flaccid and erect state. According to a scientific study aimed to identify the penis length of 80 men in flaccid and erect states, the mean for the flaccid length was 8.8 cm, stretched length 12.4 cm, and erect length 12.9cm. The study also concluded that only men with a flaccid length of less than 4cm or a stretched or erect length of less than 7.5cm are candidates for penis lengthening.

Important note: Neither the patient's age nor the size of the flaccid penis accurately predicted erectile length. However, the stretched length is most closely correlated with erect length.

Now that you know the best candidates for penis extending, let’s have a look at what causes micro penis and the medical interventions available.

Genetic Factors Influencing Penis Size

Genetics have a lot to do with your penis size. Here is how: Just as your skin color, hair type, or eyes are highly determined by hereditary factors, so is your penis size. Research suggests a heritable component to penis size, meaning that there is a degree of correlation between the penis size of parents and that of their offspring.

Environmental factors also play a huge role in determining a person’s penis size. If, while growing up, you were exposed to environmental pollutants such as pesticides, plasticizers, and other chemicals, high chances are that you have a small penis size. Such harsh chemicals act as endocrine disruptors, which impact gene and hormone expressions. Talking of hormones, let’s have a look at how they also play a role in determining your penis size.

Hormonal Influence on Penis Size

Like estrogen and progesterone affect the biological characteristics of a woman, including breasts, hips, and fat storage, the same applies to men. Sex hormones or androgens contribute to the testicular and penis growth.

Let’s get here for a minute! During puberty, the pituitary gland produces high amounts of Luteinizing Hormones (LH), which promote testosterone production, and follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH), which promote sperm production. Now, if you have low testosterone levels during puberty, high chances are you will have a small penis.

Dr. Ramin says, “Without a steady flow of testosterone, the tissues in your penis, scrotum, and testicles can atrophy or shrivel. This may, in turn, make your penis lose length and girth.

Why would someone have low testosterone levels? Some medical conditions may alter the testosterone levels. Let’s take a look at them.

Medical Conditions Affecting Penis Size

Medical Conditions Affecting Penis Size

Micro Penis

Micro penis, as the name suggests, is characterized by unusual penis size. This usually occurs due to variations in testosterone levels during pregnancy. The mother may not produce enough human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) hormone. The HGG hormone stimulates testosterone development in the fetus.

Peyronie’s Disease

Peyronie’s disease occurs due to scar tissue formation on the erectile tissue. This causes the penis to curve, bend or lose its length. The scar tissue happens if you injure your penis when erect, but not always.

Endocrine Disorders

As mentioned earlier, hormones have a lot to do with your penis size. The endocrine disorder is one medical condition that causes hormonal imbalance. As a result, one may develop a small penis which leads to the question. Is penis enlargement real?

Penis enlargement is real. Here are the available medical interventions available for people dissatisfied with their penis size.

Available Medical Interventions

Surgical Interventions

Can a person increase the size of their penis? Yes, surgical intervention is one of the ways. There are three types of penis enlarging surgeries;

  1. Penis-lengthening surgery
  2. Penis girth-increasing surgery
  3. Chordee correction

Penis enlargement surgery is undertaken when medication has not produced any positive results, which answers the question, “Do penis enlargement pills work?”. Penis-lengthening surgery helps to increase the non-erect length of the penis as well as the erect length. The average length gained is about 4cm, which may vary from person to person.

If you are planning to go with the surgical procedure, you must be wondering how much is penis enlargement surgery and how much it takes to recover. The penis enlargement surgery may cost around $2700- $7500. 12 weeks is enough for a person to recover fully. However, one has to take medications as well as refrain from sexual activities.

The Side Effects of Penis Enlargement Surgery

According to a 2018 study, penis and scrotal enhancement surgery can be associated with major disabling complications, leading to deformity and functional compromise in men with prior normal anatomy and function. The most critical one is scarring which can leave your penis shorter than its original size. Other side effects include the following;

  • Infections
  • Nerve damage
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Reduced sensitivity

Hormonal Therapy

If your penis size is as a result of hormonal imbalance, you can get enlarge your size by undergoing a hormonal therapy. The hormones are administered through injections, skin patches, or oral tablets. When this is done, the concentration of hormones in the blood naturally increases. The injected hormones bind with the androgen receptors of the penis, causing changes in the tissue.

The hormones also cause the multiplication of penile tissues, which leads to growth. The growth becomes continuous so long as continuous multiplication continues to occur. This continuous growth can occur for a year and stop once you have an average penis size. The normal size is usually 9.16 cm in length in a flaccid state and 13.2 cm in an erect state. The girth measurement is 9.31cm.

Like penis enlargement surgery, hormonal therapy also has various types. They include.

  1. The Replacement of the Testosterone hormone for those who need penis enlargement.
  2. DHT therapy is a hormone perfect for those who have not responded well to other penis enlargement techniques.
  3. Growth hormone therapy, IGF therapy, and gonadotrophin therapy are other alternatives for the mentioned hormonal therapies.

Risks and Side Effects of Hormonal Therapies

  • Dry skin
  • Changes in bowel habit
  • High blood pressure
  • Muscle pain
  • Increased urination
  • Unusual taste in the mouth
  • Loss of appetite

Traction Devices

If you have been wondering how to enlarge your penis naturally, traction devices are your closest friend. These devices are designed to help individuals increase the length of the penis by stretching the penile tissue. So, what’s the mechanism behind using traction devices?

Traction devices or penis extenders are medical devices that operate through a traction process hence the name. The devices apply a gentle stretching force to the penis. The consistent pressure causes micro tears in the penile tissue. Your body responds to these microtears by initiating the process of tissue repair and regeneration, potentially resulting in increased length.

Do penis extenders work? Several studies aimed to investigate the effect of traction devices prove that the devices can lengthen the penis 1-3 cm longer. It is, however, important to note that the participants had underlying medical conditions like Peyronie’s disease and prostate cancer. To get such results, participants also put the traction devices on for 4-6 hours a day.

Vacuum Devices

A vacuum device or perhaps a penis pump contains a tube that is supposed to be fitted over the penis. Pumping out air creates a vacuum that draws blood into the penis, causing it to engorge. Vacuum devices, however, work best for individuals with erectile dysfunction. There is little evidence to show that these devices increase a person’s penis size. In fact, a 2020 review concluded that vacuum devices do not increase penis size.

Penis Weight Hanging Systems

Yes, you read that right! You can increase your penis size using weight hanging systems. Just like the traction devices, weight-hanging systems also operate in the same mechanism. The weights are hanged onto the penis, causing tension in the penis shaft. The tension results in micro-tears. During the tissue repair, your penis develops new tissue cells. The result? Increase in Penis length and girth.

Penis weight systems have proven to yield positive effects since the dawn of time. Tribes in Uganda and Indus Sadhus have been using them, and these techniques have yielded excellent results to the point that it’s passed down from generation to generation.

Penis Sleeves and Clamps

While the length of the penis is significant, the girth of the penis is also essential, and this is where penis sleeves and clamps step in. They help individuals with small penis acquire a proportionate length and girth. This device is tied at the base of the penis shaft preventing blood from flowing away from your penis. With that level of restriction, the blood flows into the penis tissues making it thick.

Risks and Side Effects of Penis Enlargement Products

  • Discomfort and pain
  • Bruising and swelling
  • Skin irritation
  • Risk of injury
  • Changes in sensation

As we wrap up, penis extension is very critical, and every method you choose comes with advantages and drawbacks. It is essential to consult a medical professional before jumping into any of these penis extension methods. We hope you liked this post - follow Zen Hanger for more!

 Medical Disclaimer: If you have any medical conditions, questions, or concerns, please speak with your healthcare provider directly. The articles on Zen Hanger are underpinned by peer-reviewed research and information drawn from medical societies and governmental agencies. However, they are not a substitute for professional medical advice diagnosis, or treatment.